Viktoriia Tsokota

Viktoriia Tsokota



Viktoriia Tsokota – PhD in Psychological sciences, Researcher of the Laboratory of Crisis and Disasters Psychology

National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine


Introduction. The Gas and Smoke Protection Service units work in difficult conditions of life danger. Utilization of personal protective equipment like a self-contained breathing apparatus requires special knowledge and skills from the staff. There are technical knowledge and strong physical health level during work in smoke conditions. But the attention to the details of the situation and equipment and breathing control is one of the most important part of education and staff preparation of the Gas and Smoke Protection Service units [1].

Discussion. Breathing exercises like part of integrative body–mind training consequently decrease the respiration frequency and maximizes the amount of blood gases. It is non-pharmacological intervention which shows effectiveness in the treatment of mental nonpsychotic disorders, including a reduction in anxiety, depression, stress, phobias, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization induced by job burnout and other conditions [2, 3, 4, 5].

The empirical studies have revealed that diaphragmatic breathing could improve sustained attention and affect, and reduce stress level [6].

In the same time the controlled clinical studies have demonstrated that breathing exercises improve specific aspects of attention and it is more effective than specific attention training [6, 7].

New possibilities for psychological training and coaching have arisen by means of the latest advances in Internet and mobile communications and technologies. These tools are encompassed within electronic health (eHealth).

In comparison with other technopossibilities Mobile health (mHealth) gives opportunity of Just-in-Time Adaptive Interventions without of additional technique barrier thanks to the using of the user’s smartphone at any point in space.

Despite of little evidence is available on the efficacy of these apps, its have a grate potential and the market of Mental Health Apps (MHapps) is one of the fastest growing [8, 9]. Mindfulness-Based Mobile Applications like Calm, Headspace, Pacifica use diaphragm breathing exercises and feedback breathing exercises with audio text and related images.

The schema of program “Guided mobile training of breathing” was developed. It consists of gradual transition from awareness of the respiratory rhythm and breathing sensation to guided changing of respiratory rhythm. Utilization this mobile training can help during staff training of the Gas and Smoke Protection Service units.


  1. Mental Health applications can be used during staff training of The Gas and Smoke Protection Service units. It can solve the problem with breathing and attention control of cadets.
  2. There were analyzed the efficacy of traditional diaphragm breathing practice for positive emotional changes and increasing of concentration.
  3. “Guided mobile training of breathing” was developed. There is step-by-step preparation for breath control with using of mobile application.


  1. Кириллов Ю.Ю. Подготовка газодымозащитника [Электронный ресурс] : учебное пособие /М-вообразования и науки Рос. Федерации, Волгогр. гос.архит.-строит.ун-т.— Волгоград. Режим доступа:
  2. Stromberg S. E., Russell M. E., Carlson C. R. (2015).Diaphragmatic breathing and its effectiveness for the management of motion sickness.  Med. Hum. Perform. 86 452–457. 10.3357/AMHP.4152.2015
  3. Brown R. P., Gerbarg P. L. (2005a).Sudarshan kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression: Part II—Clinical applications and guidelines.  Altern. Complement. Med. 11 711–717. 10.1089/acm.2005.11.711
  4. Salyers M. P., Hudson C., Morse G., Rollins A. L., Monroe-DeVita M., Wilson C., et al. (2011).BREATHE: a pilot study of a one-day retreat to reduce burnout among mental health professionals. Serv.62 214–217. 10.1176/ps.62.2.pss6202_0214
  5. Dick TE, Mims JR, Hsieh Y-H, Morris KF, Wehrwein EA. Increased Cardio-Respiratory Coupling Evoked by Slow Deep Breathing Can Persist in Normal Humans.Respiratory physiology & neurobiology. 2014;0:99-111. doi:10.1016/j.resp.2014.09.013.
  6. Ma X, Yue Z-Q, Gong Z-Q, et al. The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults.Frontiers in Psychology. 2017;8:874. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00874.
  7. Jha A. P., Krompinger J., Baime M. J. (2007).Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention. Affect. Behav. Neurosci. 7 109–119. 10.3758/CABN.7.2.109 [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
  8. Mani M, Kavanagh DJ, Hides L, Stoyanov SR. Review and Evaluation of Mindfulness-Based iPhone Apps. Eysenbach G, ed.JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2015;3(3):e82. doi:10.2196/mhealth.4328.
  9. Plaza I, Demarzo MMP, Herrera-Mercadal P, García-Campayo J. Mindfulness-Based Mobile Applications: Literature Review and Analysis of Current Features. Eysenbach G, ed. JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2013;1(2):e24. doi:10.2196/mhealth.2733.




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